Arthroscopy is a procedure that orthopaedic surgeons like ours use regularly to inspect, diagnose, and repair problems inside a joint. The word arthroscopy comes from two Greek words, “arthro” (joint) and “skopein” (to look). The term means “to look within the joint.” During shoulder arthroscopy, the physician inserts a small camera, called an arthroscope, into your shoulder joint. The camera displays pictures on a television screen, and the physician uses these images to guide miniature surgical instruments.
Because the arthroscope and surgical instruments are thin, your surgeon can use very tiny incisions, rather than the larger incision needed for standard, open surgery. This results in less pain for patients, and shortens the time it takes to recover and return to your daily life.
Shoulder arthroscopy has made diagnosis, treatment, and recovery from surgery easier and faster than was once thought possible. Although this procedure has been performed since the 1970s, improvements to shoulder arthroscopy occur every year as new instruments and medical techniques are introduced.